1.Tungsten Carbide – Used for scratch and wear resistant jewelry, oil field exploration, bullets, safes, heat and wear resistant applications, hard facing applications, machining, tooling, metal cutting, shaping & forming. Common Types: Drills, Wear Parts, End Mills, Taps, Punches, Dies, Indexable Inserts, Circuit Board Drills, Saw Tips, Balls, Burrs, Mining Bits
2.High Speed Steel – Tooling used for machining, cutting, shaping and forming metals, wood & plastic. Forms of HSS include drills, end mills, cutters and various types of tooling.
Common grades: M1, M2, M35, M42, Rex 76, M48, T1, T15
Molybdenum (Mo), aka Molly – used for high temp applications.
Common forms: Powder, bars, tubes, coils, cast, single crystals.
Titanium (Ti): Aircraft and Aerospace, Medical, Plating, Machining and Engine parts. Used for changing temperatures and absorbing and displacing heat, corrosion.(See http://www.engineershandbook.com/Tables/titaniumgrades.htm for grades).
Tool Steel (Low Grade High Speed Steel ) – Low tungsten, chrome and molly. Tooling used for machining, cutting, shaping and forming metals, wood & plastic. Forms of HSS include drills, end mills, cutters and various types of tooling.
Common grades: H10, H11, H12, H13, D2, D4
3.Nickel – Pure nickel can be used to make various nickel based alloys and used for plating
Common grades: Inconel, a.k.a Inco, 718, 600, 601, 625 (Registered trademark of Special Metals Corp.)
Used for applications such as building machinery, tooling, ships, military vehicles, good for salt water because of not corroding or eroding in harsh environments.
Nickel Chrome Ingots – Refinery ends and scrap lots
Nickel – CU Monels – used for saltwater applications and for its corrosion resistance. Valves, pumps, propellers, shafts and marine hardware.
Common Grades: Monel-R, K-Monel, Monel-C, Monel- D, Monel-400, Monel-D, Monel-G, etc.
Waspalloy – Ni-Cr-Co Alloy – Jet turbines, high temp hardware, good for heat resistance, high strength, high stress level.
Hastalloy– Nickel Chrome alloy – used for acid and sulfur resistance and high temp stability.
Used in plate valves, billets, bars, wire, electrodes and pipe and tubing. Common Hastalloys grades are B, C, C276.
4.Cobalt & Cobalt Based Alloys – Uses: Medical, Machining, Aircraft parts, Ships & Freighters. Used for strength and durability.
Common Grades: Stellite HS 25, HS 31, HS 6, HS 12, HS 21 – Machining and high temp. applications Star-J & Tantung – Blades, Machining and tooling F75 – Body part replacement, Hi Temp applications.
5.Tungsten & Tungsten Alloys – Used for strength and durability and heat resistant properties. Tungsten filaments are used in light bulbs.
Grades: Densilloy, Heavimet, Mallory
Common uses: tooling, machining, cutting blades, end mills, drills, dies and ammo.Tungsten pigtails w/aluminum – Used in electronics